AKA: Examining movement in SSBM as transitions between different action states.
Link to part 1.
The momentum you build this way carries over onto future actions -- a lot of characters' utilize this in moonwalking or certain edgehogs (most famously the "PC hog").
The drawbacks are mostly that it limits one's access to their attacks (performing tilts, d-smash, f-smash, down-B, and neutral-B out of dash require extra steps) and you cannot immediately crouch out of it either. You're trading mobility for options.
Note: The frame where dash becomes run is determined by character -- consult the Index DRa or Index DRs at the bottom for more information.
0 - Stand
From here, we are going to convert those numbers into action sequences. Your goal is to perform each sequence below without error. You will also be allowing the control stick reset to neutral between each action (during the "0" the control stick should be centered).
Now since these action states have a bit more spice to them, some special rules:
- When you're using Walk (3), you're going to be aiming to build up to maximum momentum (which means gradually sliding the stick from center to one side completely). And without entering dash. However, once you reach your maximum walking speed, you're gonna be stopping and moving onto the next action.
- When you're using Dash (4), you simply tap the stick in one direction and allow your character's initial dash animation to complete. The only exception to this is if dash is followed by Run (5).
- When you're using Run (5), it will almost always be followed by Crouch (2). To perform this transition, unlike other transitions we've done (where you release the stick) this one will be done by sliding the stick from the direction you're running in to down.
There are admittedly a lot more sequences in this section so the same rules as last time apply:
- Once you've created that sequence correctly, retry the drill but aim to go faster by reducing the amount of time spent on stand.
- Don't cheat. Let the stick reset to neutral after each action you perform (with the aforementioned exception).
- When you're satisfied with your result here, move onto the next sequence.
Intermediate Drills Completed.
Congratulations! You're probably noticing there's a lot of places where you can feasibly slot options you didn't consider before: this is part of how you establish threat with your movement and create opportunities to condition your opponent. By understanding all the opportunities you have where you can feasibly put an option, and utilizing that, you can send a number of signals to your opponent to force them to react to your movement openers. And you'll look very pretty while doing it.
The article may stop here, but the fun doesn't. I've just covered the basics with these drills. And now that you've finished my drills, you have all the tools you need to go off and make your own. Here are some additional action states to help you get started:
6 - Wave-dash
Commits you as you move towards the opponent, so it's not generally useful for approaching someone (though it situationally can work). That said, it's great for creating space and gives you access to your entire kit after its startup (startup is character's jump startup + 10).
7 - Shield
Interesting action state, usually a last resort for most characters. In general if you can solve a situation with movement, it's better to do that. That said, shielding to draw grabs is probably one of the oldest lures in the game.
8 - Jump (off ground)
Comes in SH and FJ heights. Lots of ways to customize the amount of horizontal distance you travel.
9 - Wave-land
Commits you to 10 frames of landing lag, but it provides an interesting utility. Primarily a means of protecting your landing & repositioning from an airborne state. One of the major perks of it is that when you slip off a platform (or similar surface) with a wave-land, you go into an airborne state -- this can therefore be used to cut down on the 10 frames of lag.
10 - Double-jump
Have fun, and enjoy!!
The frame where Dash becomes Run
The frame where Dash becomes Run
(sorted by speed, aka earliest frame)